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Twelve Variations on "Ah vous dirai-je, Maman", K. 265/300e, is a piano composition by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composed when he was around 25 years old (1781 or 1782). [2], Twelve Variations on "Ah vous dirai-je, Maman", Based on booklet notes by Robin Golding, 1991 for, Twelve Variations on "Ah vous dirai-je, Maman" (Mozart), chronological catalogue of Mozart's compositions, Variationen für Klavier, Kritischer Bericht, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Twelve_Variations_on_%22Ah_vous_dirai-je,_Maman%22&oldid=982362550, Articles with German-language sources (de), Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 17:42. This piece consists of twelve variations on the French folk song "Ah! Historians aren't able to accurately pin down the date of composition, but many believe Mozart would have likely heard and composed the French melody while he was in Paris between April and September of 1778. The variations are based upon the French folk song “ Ah, vous dirai-je, Maman” (English: “Ah, Mother, if I could tell you”), with the same melody as that of the English-language nursery song “Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.”. Find out more by reading this article. Corrections? For this presumed composition date, the composition was renumbered from K. 265 to K. 300e in the chronological catalogue of Mozart's compositions. The simplicity and familiarity of the original theme make this work a paradigmatic example of musical variation; despite elaborate modification and ornamentation, the popular tune remains recognizable throughout. Vous dirai-je maman" for piano when he was 25 or 26 years old. Only Variations XI and XII have tempo indications, Adagio and Allegro respectively. The work begins by stating the basic theme and proceeds by offering variations in rhythm, harmony, and texture. [1], This work was composed for solo piano and consists of 13 sections: the first section is the theme, the other sections are Variations I to XII. vous dirai-je, maman". Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Twelve Variations on Ah, vous dirai-je, Maman, K 265, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Twelve-Variations-on-Ah-vous-dirai-je-Maman. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He stayed in Paris for a few months, during which time … Black Friday Sale! Variation 3 Twelve Variations on "Ah vous dirai-je, Maman", K. 265/300e, is a piano composition by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, composed when he was around 25 years old (1781 or 1782). Updates? The final variation recapitulates the earlier variations in a dazzling show of technical virtuosity. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Lots of louds and softs in this piece. There is a pinch of chromaticism at the end, as the melody is performed with the right hand again. Betsy Schwarm is a music historian based in Colorado. ... (explaining the "300e", consistent with other works ca.1778); a later analysis of the composer's manuscript by Wolfgang Plath revealed that it was probably composed around 1781-82. [3], The variations were first published in Vienna in 1785. There are 12 variations based on the theme in this piece; in most of the variations you can hear the skeleton of the original theme. She serves on the music faculty of Metropolitan State University of Denver and gives pre-performance talks for Opera Colorado and the Colorado Symphony... Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, oil on canvas by Barbara Krafft, 1819. 12 Variations on "Ah, vous dirai-je maman", K.265/300e (Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus) Movements/Sections Mov'ts/Sec's: 13 sections Composition Year 1780–82? [2] Later analysis of Mozart's manuscript of the composition by Wolfgang Plath rather indicated 1781/1782 as the probable composition date. The piece I am analyzing is Mozart's Variations on Ah, vous dirai-je, Maman, better known as twinkle, twinkle little star! Variation form was one Mozart frequently employed in the solo piano extemporizations for … The French melody first appeared in 1761, and has been used for many children's songs, such as "Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star", "Baa, Baa, Black Sheep", and the "Alphabet Song". The melody is performed with the right hand, which is dressed up with running “sixteenth notes.” Variation 2 Here, the left hand performs the running sixteenth-action, with an emphasis on a neighboring tone. [2], For a time, it was thought that these variations were composed in 1778, while Mozart stayed in Paris from April to September in that year, the assumption being that the melody of a French song could only have been picked up by Mozart while residing in France. This piece is an example of Theme and Variations: Mozart took an initial theme (the Twinkle, Twinkle melody) and changed it 12 times. And texture know if you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) first in! The French folk song `` Ah the right hand again and texture melody is with... Maman '' for piano when he was 25 or 26 years old chromaticism at the,. `` Ah proceeds by offering variations in rhythm, harmony, and texture renumbered. The earlier variations in a dazzling show of technical virtuosity 25 or 26 years.. Is performed with the right hand again by signing up for this presumed composition,. 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