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gerontology medical term

1 lượt xem 25/10/2020

Because issues of life span and life extension need numbers to quantify them, there is an overlap with demography. The activity theory is applicable for a stable, post-industrial society, which offers its older members many opportunities for meaningful participation. See also. Those who study the demography of the human life span differ from those who study the social demographics of aging. Prior to the 1965 passage of the Older Americans Act in the US, there was very little established instruction on, The primary concern regarding geriatric content integrated into already established courses is that vital, This handbook provides an essential source of important theoretical and applied information on, Written by experts with decades of combined experience in the fields of, * self-study online courses and live workshops, seminars, and teleconferences on such topics as leadership models, developments in, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, the webmaster's page for free fun content, Association for Gerontology in Higher Education, Association of periOperative Registered Nurses, The Field of Gerontology: Views from the Past, Present and Future, What makes gerontology nursing a specialty? On the flip side, some elders may insist on continuing activities in late life that pose a danger to themselves and others, such as driving at night with low visual acuity or doing maintenance work to the house while climbing with severely arthritic knees.

In contrast with biogerontology, which aims to prevent age-related disease by intervening in aging processes, geriatrics is a field of medicine that studies the treatment of existing disease in aging people. As the population in the United States continues to age, earning an online degree in gerontology could be a good investment in your future. In both 2000 and 2010, women outnumbered men in the older population at every single year of age (e.g., 65 to 100 years and over). This leads to aging and will eventually lead to death. The most rapid growth in the population of adults aged 65 years and older was evident in the West (23.5%), which showed an increase from 6.9 million in 2000 to 8.5 million in 2010. Gerontology is concerned with the changes that occur in the cells, tissues and organs of the body with age, with the natural limits of cell reproduction, the causes of natural cell death, the effects of life style and physical activity on longevity and the psychological and sociological effects of ageing. Conversely, all states exhibited an increase in the population of adults aged 85 years and older from 2000 to 2010. gerontology. Gerontology is the science of aging and geriatrics is a medical discipline that deals with the diagnosis, treatment, care, rehabilitation, but also prevention of diseases in the elderly, which are, by definition of the World Health Organization all persons older than 65 years of age. ways. The sex ratio, which is a measure used to indicate the balance of males to females in a population, is calculated by taking the number of males divided by the number of females, and multiplying by 100.

aging. [12][13][14], The world is forecast to undergo rapid population aging in the next several decades. adult guardianship, end of life care, or nursing homes regulations) and showed how law should look more closely to the social and psychological aspects of its real-life operation. [4] His scholarly work covers sleep disorders, forgetfulness, how to strengthen memory,[5][6] and causes of mortality[7] Ishaq ibn Hunayn (died 910) also wrote works on the treatments for forgetfulness (U.S. National Library of Medicine, 1994). change builds upon, and has links to, the person's Birth cohorts play an influential role in the process of social change. The configurations and content of other life stages are being altered as

[35], Environmental gerontology is a specialization within gerontology that seeks an understanding and interventions to optimize the relationship between aging persons and their physical and social environments. It makes it possible for society to continue functioning after valuable older members die. Theories of Aging (Part 3) - Sociological Theories. [51], Study of the social, psychological and biological aspects of aging, Geographic distribution of older adults in the United States, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, VickyRN. This makes the organism unable to fight infections and less able to destroy old and neoplastic cells.

applying familiar strategies in familiar arenas of life). Moreover, by 2050, it is predicted that, for the first time in United States history, the number of individuals aged 60 years and older will be greater than the number of children aged 0 to 14 years.

Dramatic reductions in mortality, Rather, this decision is determined by the individual patient's needs, and the availability of a specialist. Continuity theory is an elusive concept. On one hand, variety of changes to occur within the context provided The cells and tissues are eventually injured due to the damage gathered over time. It was not until the coming of the Industrial Revolution that ideas shifted in favor of a societal care-system. However, this population continued to grow throughout the 20th century and reached 31.2, 35, and 40.3 million people in 1990, 2000, and 2010, respectively. [26] The idea that free radicals are toxic agents was first proposed by Rebeca Gerschman and colleagues in 1945,[27] but came to prominence in 1956, when Denham Harman proposed the free-radical theory of aging and even demonstrated that free radical reactions contribute to the degradation of biological systems. aging could be expected to follow, explanations of

[9], Modern pioneers like James Birren began organizing gerontology as its own field in the 1940s, later being involved in starting a US government agency on aging – the National Institute on Aging[10] – programs in gerontology at the University of Southern California and University of California, Los Angeles, and as past president of the Gerontological Society of America (founded in 1945). 2. (Eds.). An example of mutual separation is retirement from the workforce. Aging involves social, psychological, and biological processes. Several theories of aging are developed to observe the aging process of older adults in society as well as how these processes are interpreted by men and women as they age. Gerontology is broader than geriatrics, which is the medical specialty devoted to treatment and care of older people (seniors health). Handbook of Gerontology: Evidence-Based Approaches to Theory, Practice, and Policy, 2005 Mississippi Curriculum Framework: Postsecondary Gerontology Technology. Gerontology is the scientific study of the phenomena of aging, by which is meant the progressive changes that take place in a cell, a tissue, an organ system, a total organism, or a group of organisms with the passage of time. Precisely, the natural environment (such as natural therapeutic landscapes, therapeutic garden) contributes to active and healthy aging in the place. The epigenetic clock, which objectively measures the biological age of cells and tissues, may become useful for testing different biological aging theories.

Age is a mechanism for regulating behavior and as a result determines access to positions of power. [35], Also reflecting the life course focus, Additionally, disengagement leads to higher morale maintenance than if older adults try to maintain social involvement.

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