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The runners-up of each pool faced the winners of a different pool in the quarter finals. Also notable in pool play was that Canada finished second in their pool to qualify for the quarter-finals, which remains their best performance in the World Cup. So the choice of three men in two positions was never going to be an easy one, and the selectors went with the man who had shown the best previous form against the opponents they were facing.  They chose to play a more expansive and open game, but failed to master it in the short time they had to practice it. Australia opened the scoring on 27 minutes with a Michael Lynagh penalty. Scotland beat Ireland to top their pool, again both teams qualifying. Viliami Ofahengaue and Simon Poidevin both performed well in continually holding up the English attacking threat. Several of the English forwards, such as Jason Leonard, Brian Moore and Peter Winterbottom were reportedly furious at the decision, Leonard mentioned in his autobiography that both Moore and Winterbottom kept on telling Carling that the tactics needed to change as the English pack was clearly destroying the Australian pack up front. Meanwhile, England knocked out 1987 finalist France in a bruising encounter. Records include the following current or recent matches: England v Australia at Twickenham, Rugby World Cup Final, Nov 2, 1991 [ 6-12 FT] New Zealand v Scotland at Cardiff, Rugby World Cup 3rd/4th place playoff, Oct 30, 1991 [ 13-6 FT] Australia v New Zealand at Lansdowne Road, Rugby World Cup Semi final, Oct 27, 1991 [ 16-6 FT] This was seen as a deliberate knock-on designed to foil an England score. This match was the last broadcast by Australia's national broadcaster the ABC.. The tournament's top point scorer was Ireland's Ralph Keyes, who scored 68 points. Australia's resilient defence was to the fore in the opening half.
Will Carling, Rob Andrew and Roger Uttley insisted that England continue their open, running style but it failed to crack the Australians. Australia pipped Ireland 19–18 in a thrilling match at Lansdowne Road, with a last-gasp try from fly-half Michael Lynagh coming after the Irish took an unexpected 18–15 lead. Notes: There was no qualification for the 1987 World Cup as places were given by invitation only. The 1991 Rugby World Cup was the second edition of the Rugby World Cup, and was jointly hosted by England, Scotland, Wales, Ireland and France: at the time, the five European countries who participated in the Five Nations Championship. England The eight quarter-finalists from 1987 qualified automatically with the remaining eight spots contested through qualifiers by 25 countries. In the event, there was only one change from the 1987 tournament, with Western Samoa appearing in place of Tonga. Wales In front of a crowd of over 56,000 spectators at Twickenham stadium, the English and Australian teams met for battle. Their passage had not been entirely smooth, though, and they had come perilously close to going out at the quarter-final stage when Gordon Hamilton's late try, a flank-forward outsprinting winger David Campese to the line, gave Ireland the lead unexpectedly: however, offered a penalty in front of the posts which would have tied the scores in the final minute, Australia opted to run the ball instead of kick, and fly-half Michael Lynagh scored the try which put them through 19–18. In the quarter-finals, neither Canada nor Western Samoa proved a match for New Zealand or Scotland, respectively. Jonathan Webb slotted his second penalty of the game but no further England points were to follow. For both teams it was their first Rugby World Cup Final. The semi-finals produced two tight matches: England overcame Scotland 9–6, a late drop goal deciding a tryless match in a torrential downpour at Murrayfield Stadium, and Australia defeated the defending champions New Zealand 16–6 at Lansdowne Road. At half-time Australia led England 9–0.. As in the 1987 Rugby World Cup the 16 nations were divided into four pools of four nations, with each nation playing their other pool opponents once, every nation playing three times during the pool stages. Australia won the match 12–6. Jason Leonard later said in his autobiography that the decision to change the tactics was made by Roger Uttley, Geoff Cooke, Will Carling and Rob Andrew. The 1991 Rugby World Cup Final was the final match of the 1991 Rugby World Cup, the second edition of the rugby union competition, to decide the world champions. Italy The final was played at Twickenham Stadium in London, and saw Australia triumph 12–6 against England, with a first-half try from prop Tony Daly. Lynagh added a further penalty for the Wallabies after 65 minutes. The event was broadcast in the United Kingdom by ITV who took over the rights from the BBC. Despite English dominance in possession, the only try of the match was scored just three minutes later by prop Tony Daly, touching down for a try following Ofahengaue's break from a line-out and subsequent drive from the Australian forwards. Australia won the match 12–6.. 8 specialist Dean Richards in order to accommodate both of the two in-form blind-side flankers Mike Teague (who played out of position at #8) and Mick Skinner, who had previously been competing for one position at #6, raised considerable critical comment. Also for the first time, qualifying competitions were introduced as the number of entrants had increased from 16 nations four years before to a total of 33 countries. The pool stages produced a major shock when Western Samoa, who were making their debut in the tournament, defeated 1987 semi-finalist Wales 16–13 in Cardiff. The winners moved on to the semi finals, with the winners then moving onto the final, and the losers of the semi finals contesting a third/fourth place play off. As in the 1987 Rugby World Cupthe 16 nations were divided into four pools of four nations, with each nation playing their other pool opponents once, every nation playing three times during the pool stages. United States, Australia In David Campese - despite his discomfiture against Hamilton - they also boasted the joint top try-scorer of the tournament, with six. David Campese and Jean-Baptiste Lafond scored the most tries, six in total. For information about the women's tournament, see. Welsh referee Derek Bevan awarded the penalty and waved away England calls for a penalty try. Simon Halliday, nominally a centre, playing on the wing instead of the somewhat fragile Nigel Heslop (who had taken a serious pounding in the quarter-final against France) and the injury-prone Chris Oti, was a selection of necessity which worked well enough to be retained as England's first choice selection for a year afterwards: but the dropping of the No. "1991: England tactics costly in the final", "A Change of Pace: England falter at the RWC 1991", "RWC 1991: Wallabies mean machine triumphs", "Australia wins the 1991 Rugby World Cup", England / France / Ireland / Scotland / Wales 1991, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1991_Rugby_World_Cup_Final&oldid=983756724, Australia national rugby union team matches, England national rugby union team matches, International sports competitions in London, History of rugby union matches between Australia and England, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 16 October 2020, at 02:14. Along with the other results in the group, this led to the elimination of Wales, who finished third in Pool 3, becoming the first host nation to fail to qualify from the pool stage.  Peter Winterbottom looked to pass to England winger Rory Underwood but the pass was knocked down by David Campese. South Africa was again not included because of sanctions imposed on the country by the IRB, due to the government's apartheid policies. Webb put England on the scoreboard after an hour with a successful penalty kick. With the score at 12–3 to Australia, England had secured an overlap in an attack. The winners moved on to the semi finals, with the winners then moving onto the final, … 25 nations competed in a qualification process designed to fill the remaining eight spots, bringing the total participation to 33 nations.
The runners-up of each pool faced the winners of a different pool in the quarter finals. The same 16-team pool/knock-out format was used with just minor changes to the points system. Earlier, the opening match had pitted the holders New Zealand against the hosts England: New Zealand overturned a narrow half-time deficit to win the match and the pool, both teams qualifying for the quarter-finals with easy victories in their other matches. New Zealand All the results from the second Rugby World Cup held in England, France, Scotland, Wales and Ireland in 1991. Of the 16 teams, eight of those places were automatically filled by quarter-finalists from the 1987 World Cup and did not have to play any qualification matches. The following 16 teams, shown by region, qualified for the 1991 Rugby World Cup. Australia, meanwhile, were a settled unit, having already hammered England in the summer months, and also inflicted the first two defeats on New Zealand since the 1987 World Cup: then making that up to three victories in four matches against the now-ageing All Blacks, knocking the champions out 16–6 in the semi-final. The change in play was an attempt to unsettle the Australians, however, this proved flawed.  There were also arguments over the composition of England's back row and back line, following selectoral decisions taken at the semi-final stage which resulted in two men playing out of position. Their centre pairing of Horan and Little was also regarded as the best in the world - marginally ahead of England's Carling and Guscott, although the views on this were by no means unanimous. Nations were awarded 2 points for a win, 1 for a draw and zero for a loss, the top two nations of every pool advanced to the quarter finals. Even though Richards had been exposed as badly short of form and fitness during England's summer tour of Australia, and was viewed by the English press as the most culpable in their defeats, he was the specialist in the position, an integral part of England's 1991 Grand Slam, and was back to his best by the autumn: however, Teague had also been Player of the Series for the British Lions on their successful tour of Australia in 1989, albeit playing at #6 with Richards at #8: and Skinner was the man in the best current form of all of them, arguably ahead of Teague for the blind-side flanker position. Rugby World Cup 1991 Quarter-final France v England, England / France / Ireland / Scotland / Wales 1991, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=1991_Rugby_World_Cup&oldid=981105773, 1991 rugby union tournaments for national teams, International rugby union competitions hosted by Ireland, International rugby union competitions hosted by England, International rugby union competitions hosted by Wales, International rugby union competitions hosted by France, International rugby union competitions hosted by Scotland, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, as found in ffr.fr consulted on 7 February 2013 apropos of the pool match between France and Fiji played on 8 October 1991, Pool 2 was played in both Scotland and Ireland, with matches played in both the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland, This page was last edited on 30 September 2020, at 09:30. England had reached the final by playing an attritional, forward dominated game, but appeared to respond to heavy public criticism from David Campese and rejected this style of play in the final.
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